Throughout human history, the garden has not only served practical purposes such as food production, but has also always been a model of an ideal habitat, a microcosm. In this respect, it was and still is both a critique of existing reality and a design for a better world. It reflects political conditions and social structures, scientific knowledge and religious ideas. It is closely interwoven with the arts of the time, especially with architecture, whose principles are also used for the design of (green) outdoor spaces.
The lecture presents gardens from selected epochs and regions of the world and analyses them in the context of the respective cultural conditions (in the broadest sense).
The winter semester is dedicated to historical garden concepts, the summer semester to contemporary ones.
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Imagecredits: Tōtekiko (stone garden) in the Ryōgen-in subtemple of the Daitoku-ji Buddhist complex, Kyoto, Japan, 1502/1958